Abarth was an Italian racing car maker founded by Carlo Abarth, of Austrian origins.
On the 1960s, Abarth was quite successful in hillclimbing and sports car racing, mainly in classes from 850cc up to 2000cc, competing with Porsche 904 and Ferrari Dino. Hans Herrmann was factory driver from 1962 until 1965, winning etc. the 500km Nürburgring.
Later, Johann Abt was promised by Carlo Abarth that he could drive a factory car for free if he'd won all races he enters - what Abt nearly did, winning in 29 of 30, plus a second.
Along with its racing cars Abarth produced high-performance exhaust pipes. Later Abarth diversified in producing various tuning kits for road vehicles, mainly for Fiat. Abarth was also associated associated in producing sports or racing cars with Porsche and Simca.
Abarth was sold to Fiat in 1971 and the racing team sold to Enzo Osella. Abarth became the racing department of Fiat, managed by famed engine designer, Aurelio Lampredi. Some models built by Fiat or its subsidiaries Lancia and Autobianchi were co-branded Abarth, the most famous being the Autobianchi A112 Abarth.